White Papers
A white paper is a guide that addresses problems and how to resolve them. White papers are used to educate readers and help people make decisions. FYI: this section is still under development. Some of the articles remain incomplete and will be finished in the near future when I have time!

Dorsal and Volar Intercalated Segment Instability (DISI and VISI)

Pelvis and Hip Lines

Hand Tendon Injuries

Accessory Ossicles

Orthopedic Hardware

Knee MRI Basics

Ankle MRI Approach

Shoulder MRI Approach

Ankle Syndesmotic Clear Space


Endometrial Thickness

Liver Lesion Problem Solving

Renal Masses

Adrenal Masses

Ovarian Neoplasms

Adrenal Adenoma Washout

Polyposis Syndromes

Gut Wall Signature in Ultrasound

First Trimester Ultrasound

Estimating Prostate Volume

Thyroid Ultrasound Evaluation

Rectal Cancer Staging

Cervical Cancer Staging


Congenital Cardiac Disease: Heterotaxy Syndromes

Cardiac Valves: Assessment and Identification

Cardiac Valves: A Gallery of Prosthetic Devices


Lines of the Skull Base

Head and Neck Pearls

Guide to Lymph Node Levels - Head and Neck

Neurologic Vascular Malformations

Approach to Spine MRI


Pediatric Liver Neoplasms

Neonatal ICU Imaging

Pediatric Renal Masses

Nuclear Medicine


Types of Nuclear Medicine Studies

Pulmonary Segments


BIRADS Lexicon

Post Biopsy Pathology Results


Lung Nodule Followup

Differential Diagnosis of HRCT Lung Nodule Patterns

Ob Ultrasound

Obstetrical Ultrasound Anatomy Screening

Biophysical Profile

Common Pitfalls In Obstetrical Ultrasound

Syndromic Features in Fetal Ultrasound

Nuchal Translucency and Skin Fold


Nephrogenic Systemic Fibrosis

Quantifying CT Radiation Dose

Contrast and Contrast Reactions

MR Spectroscopy

Arterial Doppler Ultrasound



Child-Pugh Score for Cirrhosis Mortality

Disclaimer: The information on this website is for education purposes only. Do not use these references for diagnosis. See your physician.